The sun parakeet is a beautiful bird that is appreciated by many people. It is a curved bill and is closely related to parrots. They are very strong birds with a great need for gnawing and a desire for destruction. The sun conure, like the blue-crowned amazon , is native to South America.
Appearance of the sun conure
This bird has a beautiful appearance due to their brightly colored plumage. On the head, chest and back they are often orange to red in color. Their plumage tends to be more red around the eyes. Their strong bill is black-gray and the wings are part green, part yellow / orange. Their long tail is often green.
But a picture says more than 1000 words:
The sun parakeet in the wild
In nature, the sun conure occurs in South America. Especially in Brazil, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana and Venezuela. Their natural habitat consists of dry to semi-arid savannas with trees, undergrowth and cacti. But they also dare to occur in areas with open afforestation or a palm plantation. They generally occur there up to a height of 1200 meters above sea level.
They regularly visit the agricultural areas where they then feast on the locally cultivated agricultural crops. The breeding season is between December and March. Then formed pairs separate from the colony to look for a suitable breeding ground. They often breed in hollows of dead (palm) trees.
In the aviary
The sun conure is probably popular for their beautiful appearance. Still, keeping these birds in an aviary can cause noise pollution problems. So make sure you have good neighbors.
If the noise is not a problem, it is best to place them per couple. They are quite aggressive towards other birds, especially during the breeding season.
The birds are strong and can survive well in our climate. Although you can provide a frost and draft-free inner loft. Sun conures also like to shower, so they will appreciate it if you can leave part of the aviary exposed. They will take a shower every time it rains.
Sun parakeets are huge wreckers. It is best to build a metal aviary and an aluminum one. Even the perches will soon be demolished if they are made of wood. Gnawing overnight and they’ve already broken it.
It is best to harden the floor from some type of concrete or tiles. You can then sprinkle (shells) sand on it. And as mentioned, you can make a part of the aviary where it rains inside, they like to shower.
A frost and draft-free indoor loft is recommended. A good size of night loft is 1.5 meters long by 1 meter wide and 2 meters high. A matching aviary is then 3 to 4 meters long, also 1 meter wide and 2 meters high. The connection between the night pen and the outdoor aviary must be approximately 20 cm.
A lock is not a bad idea to prevent escape. Sun conures are lightning fast, and the danger of escape is happy with single door cages.
The aviary mesh is best of the 19 × 19 × 1.45 mm type. If you have several aviaries next to each other, it is recommended to provide double mesh in between. Or a closed wall can also suffice.
Food of the sun conure
As a basis you can leave a coarse seed mixture for large parakeets. This seed mixture should be supplemented with egg food and / or universal food. Germ seed, fruit and green food may also be provided daily. It is best to mix this with the egg food yourself. The ratio of the seed mixture to all other nutrients can be 50% -50%.
They also like to eat semi-ripe corn cobs and freshly picked grass and weed seeds.
There is no difference in appearance between the man and female. If you want to know the sex of the birds, endoscopy or DNA testing is required. Here you can do a test fairly cheaply. The test there are of high value for money.
The breeding results will not fail to happen with a good clicking couple of sun parakeets. They will start brooding early in the year. The first eggs are often in the nest block in March. As a breeding block it is best to give a block with a bottom surface of 20 × 20 cm and a height of 50 cm. And preferably a natural block, if you can put it. The entrance hole should be about 6 cm. It is best to make a ladder along the inside of the incubator with a piece of gauze or a few half-hammered staples. This makes it easier for them to get in and out of the breeding block.
As nesting material you can give wood shavings or beech chips. In addition, you can place fresh willow branches or rotten wood in the nest. They will like to gnaw these small. The pupa usually lays 2 to 5 eggs that are laid at intervals of 2 days. After about 23 days of brooding, the young are born. The young have a fairly long white down feather. The young should be ringed around the age of 15-17 days. The ring size for a sun conure is 6 mm.
The young stay in the nest for a total of 7 to 8 weeks before they fledge. They are independent three weeks after fledging. If you are lucky, the birds can raise several broods per year.
Sun conure care
A sun parakeet and basically every bird requires daily care. You should feed with a seed mix and soft food daily. Water must be clean every day. Cleaning depends on the size of the aviary. A very large aviary is less likely to get dirty, although it is recommended to clean the cage every week at least around the feeding area.
Buy sun conures
If you are looking for a sun conure, you can take a look at the following sites (Belgian/Dutch sites):
A target price for sun parakeets will be € 400 to € 600 for a couple. Hand-rearing birds are more likely to be € 300 – € 400.
Sun conure sound
Sun conure can scream loudly, to get an idea I looked up a video on YouTube.
Frequently Asked Questions
A sun parakeet lives on average 30 years, strong specimens can live to 50 years.
As a breeding block it is best to give a block with a bottom surface of 20 × 20 cm and a height of 50 cm.
In general, a larger cage is a better cage. The cage should be wide rather than high so that your bird can fly enough.
In any case, it will be difficult to teach him to speak intelligibly. He can learn to whistle and imitate sounds. If you want a talking parrot, it is best to choose an African gray or (yellow-crowned) amazon.